The UK was the crucible of the Industrial Revolution and is one of the crucibles of the Intelligence Revolution. It is home to world-beating artificial intelligence (AI) companies and world-class academic centres of AI research. It is well placed to reap great overall economic benefits from the development of AI, but it is not yet clear how those benefits will be shared.
A number of high profile recent studies have predicted high levels of automation in the UK in the coming years as artificial intelligence and related technologies disrupt the economy. The Industrial Revolution drove automation of repetitive physical work; the Intelligence Revolution is having the same effect on a widening range of intellectual tasks, meaning that more and more jobs can potentially be performed by robots and computers.